Homeland Security Enterprise (HSE)
Geospatial Concept of Operations (GeoCONOPS)

Best Practices

Geospatial best practices represent methodologies, techniques or procedures that are widely recognized as the path most likely to ensure success. Best practices are derived through retrospective analysis of events and actions and are often the result of numerous case studies, establishing their applicability and utility. Best practices are conceptualized to allow the reader to adapt them to their organization and operations. They are used to support planning and the development of standard operating procedures and can be supported through case studies.

Best Practice - Advisory Base Flood Elevations 

FEMA conducted a new flood frequency analysis and determined that current base elevations for many communities impacted by the storms were too low.
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Best Practice - California Earthquake Clearinghouse  

Following an earthquake, the Clearinghouse establishes a temporary physical location, generally with easy access to both the damaged area and emergency operations field facilities.
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Best Practice - City of Manassas, Virginia 

In effort to increase efficiency in the Electric department, the City of Manassas has developed a system to consume the existing electric GIS data to create a connected electrical system Map Viewer.
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Best Practice - DHS Common Operating Picture 

The DHS Common Operational Picture (COP) is the core DHS strategic situational awareness (SA) capability for the DHS.
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Best Practice - DHS Geospatial Information Infrastructure 

The Geospatial Information Infrastructure (GII) provides a platform for users to access trusted geospatial data, map services, and geospatial applications. Two of the key geospatial applications that are available on the GII are Portal for ArcGIS and OneView.
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Best Practice - Disaster Clearinghouses 

The Disaster Clearinghouses provide an ideal opportunity to access information on observed damages missed in formal program-based data collection efforts.
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Best Practice - Disaster Data and Production 

The need for a centralized debris database was identified almost immediately and hasty plans were made to design and develop it.
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Best Practice - ENVAS for Environmental Assessments 

The Environmental Program is an important part of this FEMA regional organization whose mission is to ensure that FEMA’s activities (including disaster response, recovery, and hazard mitigation) are carried out in a manner consistent with national environmental policies, i.e. with minimum adverse environmental impacts.
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Best Practice - Estimating Search and Rescue Requirements 

FEMA has developed a methodology to calculate the collapse rates of completely damaged structures, based on their building types.
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Best Practice - FEMA Damage Polygons 

Imagery derived data products support the immediate information requirements for Response and Recovery operations by allowing fixed facilities to analyze imagery data and quickly share the results with field teams, state/local entities, and the DHS COP with minimal effort. In support of FEMA, NGA provides damage analysis in the form of Imagery Derived Polygons (IDPs) for specific targeted areas.
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Best Practice - FEMA Post Katrina Damage Assessment for Individual Assistance 

In response to Hurricane Katrina, FEMA developed a strategy to utilize post-event imagery and other geospatial analysis to assess residential losses.
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Best Practice - FEMA Region VI Field Data Collection Tool 

FEMA Region VI initiated a pilot effort to develop a Field Data Collection Tool to assist in managing the debris mission.
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Best Practice - Flood Inundation Mapper 

The USGS Flood Inundation Mapper (FIM) combines flood inundation static map libraries with real-time USGS river-level data and NWS flood forecasts into a powerful tool that helps communicate flood risk and when and where it may flood, and allows for better tools to inform local responses that can protect lives and property.
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Best Practice - Geospatial Platform 

The Geospatial Platform provides shared and trusted geospatial data, services, and applications for use by government agencies, their partners, and the public.
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Best Practice - HAZUS Concept of Operations 

The HAZUS CONOPS is intended to define the official HAZUS run of record for FEMA, minimizing opportunities for conflicting HAZUS model from entering the disaster response community.
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Best Practice - Homeland Security Information Network 

The Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN) is a secure and trusted web-based network for information sharing and collaboration between federal, state, local, tribal, territorial, private sector, and international partners engaged in the homeland security mission.
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Best Practice - Interagency Modeling and Atmospheric Assessment Center 

The IMAAC provides a single point for the coordination and dissemination of federal dispersion modeling and hazard prediction products that represent the federal position during actual or potential incidents involving hazardous atmospheric releases.
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Best Practice - Modeling Socio-Economic Vulnerability 

Exposure analysis is a series of informed assumptions on the location, nature, and scope of damages and social losses.
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Best Practice - National Information Exchange Model 

NIEM connects communities sharing a common need to exchange information to advance their missions and is intended to be the best practice for intergovernmental information exchange.
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Best Practice - NGA Domestic Mobile Integrated Geospatial-Intelligence System 

The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) Domestic Mobile Integrated Geospatial-Intelligence System, or DMIGS, is a mobile, self-contained unit that provides on-site geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) support to U.S. lead federal agencies responding to federal, state and local governments in times of domestic crises, natural disasters or special events.
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Best Practice - NSGIC Emergency Contacts 

The National States Geographic Information Council (NSGIC), through the auspices of the Department of Homeland Security Geospatial Management Office, has developed a list of emergency GIS contacts across the nation. The list contains key contacts for all fifty States plus the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands as well as several Federal Agencies.
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Best Practice - Open Geospatial Consortium 

The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) consists of over 400 commercial, governmental, nonprofit, and research organizations worldwide, participating to develop publicly available interface standards.
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Best Practice - Requests for Information 

The Request for Information (RFI) process streamlines geospatial product delivery and ensures the requests meet the needs of the requestor.
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Best Practice - SAR Geo-Referencing 

A fundamental requirement for a geo-reference system is the ability to easily interface between the Incident Command, land, maritime, and aeronautical SAR responders. Because each has unique geo-referencing requirements, effective interface between each component is vital to a successful SAR response. The geo-referencing matrix below minimizes confusion and provides guidance on what geo-referencing system each SAR responder is typically using. Additional information provided by the National Search and Rescue Committee is available at http://www.uscg.mil/hq/cg5/cg534/NSARC.asp.
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Best Practice - Search and Rescue Management 

In an effort to accommodate conflicting requirements for coordinate systems in printed map products, FEMA is working to develop a standard for FEMA operational maps using the USNG System.
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Best Practice - Southeast Florida Fusion Center  

The Southeast Florida Fusion Center (SEFFC) has developed the Threat Recognition Prevention Program (TRPP) strategy with the goal of proactively predicting threats and vulnerabilities to the homeland and regional area of responsibility (AOR).
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Best Practice - Standard Unified Modeling, Mapping & Integration Toolkit 

Modeling and Simulation (M&S) can encompass all manner of human and computer based support that is utilized in real world emergency response operations or exercises as decision support tools.
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Best Practice - USGS Earthquake Products & Situational Awareness 

Situational awareness is the continual process of collecting, analyzing, and disseminating information and knowledge on hazards and their impacts.
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Geospatial Production and Delivery 

The production and delivery of geospatial products in the disaster environment is a challenge because each event brings unique circumstances and solutions. The information requirements, data availability, and customer base are driven by the event. Pre-planning allows for immediate activation and productivity as the teams adjust as required to ensure products are available when needed. The production of geospatial products can occur at either a fixed or field facility.
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Mission Statement 

The Homeland Security GeoCONOPS is intended to identify and align the geospatial resources that are required to support the NRF, ESF, and supporting federal mission partners all in coordination with PPD-8 and PPD-21 direction.
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Protection Mission 

The Protection Mission addresses capabilities to safeguard against acts of terrorism and man-made or natural disasters. Through collaboration and cooperation, this mission aims to protect the citizens, residents, visitors, and critical assets, systems, and networks against risks.
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USACE Commodities Model 

The USACE has developed a Commodities Model to assist in estimating their mission requirements.
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