Homeland Security Enterprise (HSE)
Geospatial Concept of Operations (GeoCONOPS)

The Homeland Security Enterprise (HSE) GeoCONOPS program office is in the process of updating this page with new content provided by the community. Check back in the first quarter of FY17 to learn how the geospatial community interacts/coordinates to support this mission through documented use cases and scenarios.

PPD-8

Presidential Policy Directive / PPD-8 is aimed at strengthening the security and resilience of the United States through systematic preparation for the threats that pose the greatest risk to the security of the nation, including acts of terrorism, cyber attacks, pandemics, and catastrophic natural disasters.

GEOSPATIAL REQUIREMENTS AND CAPABILITIES

Geospatial technology provides solutions for big-picture visibility through the ground-level efforts of direct operational support through the collection, analysis, and sharing of geospatial information and products.
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Geospatial Mission Support

Geospatial technology is used throughout the operations supporting response, recovery, mitigation, preparedness, and prevention efforts. The missions reflected in these efforts include the saving of lives and property, the provision of food and shelter, financial assistance, damage assessments, and recovery. With coordination and a strategy for resource use, geospatial technology can be more effective in meeting the requirements of any incident.
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Geospatial Data

Data is required for every geospatial product. The quality of this data dictates the overall value of these products and the level of support available. Without valid authoritative sources and core standards for data management, the investment in hardware, software, and labor can be immediately undermined. This section defines the term “Authoritative” as it relates to geospatial data and provides background on basic data standards for the GeoCONOPS.
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Imagery and Derived Products

RS is a general reference to any remotely sensed information, predominately imagery-type products from satellite and aircraft sources. Imagery can be invaluable following an event, providing the ability to view impacts in the disaster area from a remote location over large expanses with minimal effort. To make the most of RS technology, it must be accessed in a timely manner, analyzed by qualified methodologies, and disseminated efficiently. Imagery and the data derived from it can identify damaged areas and specific target locations, or serve as a base-map product for use with other data sets. This section discusses the use of imagery for damage assessments
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Models

Models provide critical predicted information for scenario events prior to an event actually occurring. This information allows for response plans to be developed in preparation for a coming event. This section covers the majority of modeling efforts related to damage assessments.
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Field Data Collection

There are many types of field collection efforts: windshield surveys, preliminary damage assessments (PDA), searches, detailed post-event surveys, program-specific inspections, etc. These efforts are labor intensive and require individuals to be placed into the damage area to meet the surge staffing requirements. Although these transient staff add to the burden of the impacted communities to provide food and lodging, they also provide additional income to the impacted area, aiding in the economic recovery of the geography.
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Information Sharing and Data Dissemination

Pre- and post-event information is shared across the geospatial community through multiple tools and systems. The individuals involved are aware of the information requirements of the situation and the data that is available to them. Ideally, our data management systems should be sharing this information in near real-time; however, data sharing frequently occurs at the human-to-human level. As technologies supporting information sharing and data dissemination evolve, our requirements to share information through email and portable media should continue to diminish.
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Geospatial Production and Delivery

The production and delivery of geospatial products in the disaster environment is a challenge because each event brings unique circumstances and solutions. The information requirements, data availability, and customer base are driven by the event. Pre-planning allows for immediate activation and productivity as the teams adjust as required to ensure products are available when needed. The production of geospatial products can occur at either a fixed or field facility.
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Best Practice - NSGIC Emergency Contacts

The National States Geographic Information Council (NSGIC), through the auspices of the Department of Homeland Security Geospatial Management Office, has developed a list of emergency GIS contacts across the nation. The list contains key contacts for all fifty States plus the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands as well as several Federal Agencies.
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Best Practice - FEMA Damage Polygons

Imagery derived data products support the immediate information requirements for Response and Recovery operations by allowing fixed facilities to analyze imagery data and quickly share the results with field teams, state/local entities, and the DHS COP with minimal effort. In support of FEMA, NGA provides damage analysis in the form of Imagery Derived Polygons (IDPs) for specific targeted areas.
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